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Lakota Studies: Getting Started


Experiment with the terms below when applying your search terms:

Indigenous- broad term
Native American- broad term
American Indian- broad term
the bands of the Oceti Sakowin- narrow term
Lakota/Dakota/Nakota -
the dialect terms and terms for members
of the Oceti Sakowin- narrow term

Search Tips

Search Tips for Indigenous Research Topics

These tips can be used to search Woksape Tipi Book Search or the available online databases


Lakota Studies

The American Indian Experience: The American Mosaic - ABC-CLIO ...American Indian Experience  
Email for user id and password
Full-text digital resource exploring the histories and contemporary cultures of the indigenous peoples of North America.
American Indian Histories and Cultures
Email for user id and password
Unique source material from the Newberry Library. Collections include several types of primary sources through to the modern era, and told against the backdrop of the 19th century expansion into the ‘Western Frontier’ right through to the civil rights movement of the mid-twentieth century. Check out the Indian Newspapers database within this link!
thumbnail for archives unbound Archives Unbound: Overland Journeys
A critical bibliography of trails, exploration, adventure, and travel in the American West.
logo for digital public library of america Digital Public Library of America

Discover 36,687,547 images, texts, videos, and sounds from across the United States across all subjects.

logo for digital library of south dakota Digital Library of South Dakota
The Digital Library of South Dakota (DLSD) is a collaboration of the libraries of the six Board of Regents colleges and universities as well as partners in the state of South Dakota.
icon for ebsco ERIC

Indexed and full-text education literature and resources; essential for education researchers of all kinds.

thumbnail for Indigenous Peoples Indigenous Peoples
Political, social, and cultural history of North American Indigenous peoples from the 1500s-present.
thumbnail for ninteenth century newspapers Nineteenth Century U.S. Newspapers
Full-text searchable newspaper images of selected newspapers.

South Dakota State Library SD Historic Digital Collections

Features Journals of the state Senate and House, Compiled Codified Laws, reports of the Attorney General, Supreme Court Reports, all dating back to the late 19th century.

Evaluating Resources: The CRAAP Test

CRAAP is an acronym for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose. Use the CRAAP Test to evaluate your sources.

Currency: the timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Is the information current or out-of date for your topic?
  • Are the links functional?   

Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
  • Would you be comfortable using this source for a research paper?

Authority: the source of the information

  • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
  • Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
  • What are the author's qualifications to write on the topic?
  • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?
    •  examples:
      • .com (commercial), .edu (educational), .gov (U.S. government)
      • .org (nonprofit organization), or
      • .net (network)

Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
  • Does the language or tone seem biased and free of emotion?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?

Purpose: the reason the information exists

  • What is the purpose of the information? to inform? teach? sell? entertain? persuade?
  • Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Is the information fact? opinion? propaganda?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?
Oglala Lakota College Woksape Tipi Library Physical Address: 3 Mile Creek Rd Kyle, SD 57752 Mailing Address: PO Box 310 Kyle, SD 57752 Phone: 1-(605)-455-6069