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Information Literacy: Getting Started

What is it

According to the American Library Association, "Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to 'recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.'"

"Information literacy empowers people in all walks of life to seek, evaluate, use and create information effectively to achieve their personal, social, occupational and educational goals. It is a basic human right in a digital world and promotes social inclusion in all nations."

 Alexandria Proclamation on Information Literacy and Lifelong Learning. (2005). Information literacy | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved April 29, 2016.

The Big 6

The Big6™ Skills  -


1. Task Definition-*Define the information problem    *Identify information needed    (to solve the information problem)


       What is my current task?          What are some topics or questions I need to answer?     What information will I need?


2. Information Seeking Strategies-*Determine all possible sources (brainstorm)      *Select the best sources


       What are all the possible sources to check?     What are the best sources of information for this task?


3. Location and Access-*Locate sources (intellectual & physical)      *Find information within sources


        Where can I find these sources?        Where can I find the information in the source?


4. Use of Information-*Engage (e.g., read, hear, view, touch)      *Extract relevant information


       What information do I expect to find in this source?      That information from the source is useful?


5. Synthesis-*Organize from multiple sources      *Present the information


       How will I organize my information? How should I present my information?


6. Evaluation-*Judge the product (effectiveness)         *Judge the process (efficiency)

       Did I do what was required?

New Rules for Citing in APA

APA Style Quick Guide  Find examples of the 7th edition changes for correct citations of journals, magazines, newspapers, books, and online sources here.

How can I find more assistance with my research?

The library is filled with resources so come and visit. The staff is available to help you in your steps to creating a paper, and your search for books and articles. 

The Super 3

The Super 3 


Same basic elements as the Big 6


 1. Plan - (Beginning)-When students get an assignment or a task, BEFORE they start doing anything, they should think:


         •  What am I supposed to do?      • What will it look like if I do a really good job?      • What do I need to find out to do the job?


          Big6 Steps:•  Task Definition   •  Information Seeking Strategies


 2. Do - (Middle)-In the Middle the students DO the activity. This is where YOU read, view, tell, make a picture, etc.


          Big6 Steps:•  Location and Access      •  Use of Information      •  Synthesis


 3. Review - (End)-Before finishing the product and turning it in, students should stop and think— Is this done?


          •       Did I do what I was supposed to do?      •       Do I feel ok about this?      •       Should I do something else before I turn it in?


 The "Big6™" is copyright © (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz.

Oglala Lakota College Woksape Tipi Library Physical Address: 3 Mile Creek Rd Kyle, SD 57752 Mailing Address: PO Box 310 Kyle, SD 57752 Phone: 1-(605)-455-6069