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Woksape Tipi Library

The Big 6

The Big6™ Skills

1. Task Definition-*Define the information problem    *Identify information needed    (to solve the information problem)

       What is my current task?          What are some topics or questions I need to answer?     What information will I need?


2. Information Seeking Strategies-*Determine all possible sources (brainstorm)      *Select the best sources

       What are all the possible sources to check?     What are the best sources of information for this task?


3. Location and Access-*Locate sources (intellectual & physical)      *Find information within sources

        Where can I find these sources?        Where can I find the information in the source?


4. Use of Information-*Engage (e.g., read, hear, view, touch)      *Extract relevant information

       What information do I expect to find in this source?      That information from the source is useful?


5. Synthesis-*Organize from multiple sources      *Present the information

       How will I organize my information? How should I present my information?


6. Evaluation-*Judge the product (effectiveness)         *Judge the process (efficiency)

       Did I do what was required?

      Did I complete each of the Big6 Stages efficiently.


APA Style Quick Guide  Find examples of the 7th edition changes for correct citations of journals, magazines, newspapers, books, and online sources here.





The Super 3

The Super 3 

Same basic elements as the Big 6

 1. Plan - (Beginning)-When students get an assignment or a task, BEFORE they start doing anything, they should think:

         •  What am I supposed to do?      • What will it look like if I do a really good job?      • What do I need to find out to do the job?

          Big6 Steps:•  Task Definition   •  Information Seeking Strategies


 2. Do - (Middle)-In the Middle the students DO the activity. This is where YOU read, view, tell, make a picture, etc.

          Big6 Steps:•  Location and Access      •  Use of Information      •  Synthesis


 3. Review - (End)-Before finishing the product and turning it in, students should stop and think— Is this done?

          •       Did I do what I was supposed to do?      •       Do I feel ok about this?      •       Should I do something else before I turn it in?


 The "Big6™" is copyright © (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz.

For more information, visit: Super3 information from,

 created by Tami J. Little. Handout created by: Barbara J. Shoemaker, School Media Specialist, Mill Road Elementary,

K-2 Red Hook Central School District, Red Hook, Ny

Oglala Lakota College Woksape Tipi Library Physical Address: 3 Mile Creek Rd Kyle, SD 57752 Mailing Address: PO Box 310 Kyle, SD 57752 Phone: 1-(605)-455-6069