RESEARCH STEPS OUTLINED
The Big6™ Skills
1. Task Definition-*Define the information problem *Identify information needed (to solve the information problem)
What is my current task? What are some topics or questions I need to answer? What information will I need?
2. Information Seeking Strategies-*Determine all possible sources (brainstorm) *Select the best sources
What are all the possible sources to check? What are the best sources of information for this task?
3. Location and Access-*Locate sources (intellectual & physical) *Find information within sources
Where can I find these sources? Where can I find the information in the source?
4. Use of Information-*Engage (e.g., read, hear, view, touch) *Extract relevant information
What information do I expect to find in this source? That information from the source is useful?
5. Synthesis-*Organize from multiple sources *Present the information
How will I organize my information? How should I present my information?
6. Evaluation-*Judge the product (effectiveness) *Judge the process (efficiency)
Did I do what was required?
Did I complete each of the Big6 Stages efficiently.
Same basic elements as the Big6
1. Plan - (Beginning)-When students get an assignment or a task, BEFORE they start doing anything, they should think:
• What am I supposed to do? • What will it look like if I do a really good job? • What do I need to find out to do the job?
Big6 Steps:• Task Definition • Information Seeking Strategies
2. Do - (Middle)-In the Middle the students DO the activity. This is where YOU read, view, tell, make a picture, etc.
Big6 Steps:• Location and Access • Use of Information • Synthesis
3. Review - (End)-Before finishing the product and turning it in, students should stop and think— Is this done?
• Did I do what I was supposed to do? • Do I feel ok about this? • Should I do something else before I turn it in?
The "Big6™" is copyright © (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz.
For more information, visit: www.big6.com Super3 information from http://academic.wsc.edu/redl/classes/tami/super3.html,
created by Tami J. Little. Handout created by: Barbara J. Shoemaker, School Media Specialist, Mill Road Elementary,
K-2 Red Hook Central School District, Red Hook, Ny