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Woksape Tipi Library

The Big 6

The Big6™ Skills

1. Task Definition-*Define the information problem    *Identify information needed    (to solve the information problem)

       What is my current task?          What are some topics or questions I need to answer?     What information will I need?


2. Information Seeking Strategies-*Determine all possible sources (brainstorm)      *Select the best sources

       What are all the possible sources to check?     What are the best sources of information for this task?


3. Location and Access-*Locate sources (intellectual & physical)      *Find information within sources

        Where can I find these sources?        Where can I find the information in the source?


4. Use of Information-*Engage (e.g., read, hear, view, touch)      *Extract relevant information

       What information do I expect to find in this source?      That information from the source is useful?


5. Synthesis-*Organize from multiple sources      *Present the information

       How will I organize my information? How should I present my information?


6. Evaluation-*Judge the product (effectiveness)         *Judge the process (efficiency)

       Did I do what was required?

      Did I complete each of the Big6 Stages efficiently.

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Evaluating Resources

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The Super 3

The Super 3 

Same basic elements as the Big 6

 1. Plan - (Beginning)-When students get an assignment or a task, BEFORE they start doing anything, they should think:

         •  What am I supposed to do?      • What will it look like if I do a really good job?      • What do I need to find out to do the job?

          Big6 Steps:•  Task Definition   •  Information Seeking Strategies


 2. Do - (Middle)-In the Middle the students DO the activity. This is where YOU read, view, tell, make a picture, etc.

          Big6 Steps:•  Location and Access      •  Use of Information      •  Synthesis


 3. Review - (End)-Before finishing the product and turning it in, students should stop and think— Is this done?

          •       Did I do what I was supposed to do?      •       Do I feel ok about this?      •       Should I do something else before I turn it in?


 The "Big6™" is copyright © (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz.

For more information, visit: Super3 information from,

 created by Tami J. Little. Handout created by: Barbara J. Shoemaker, School Media Specialist, Mill Road Elementary,

K-2 Red Hook Central School District, Red Hook, Ny

Oglala Lakota College Woksape Tipi Library Physical Address: 3 Mile Creek Rd Kyle, SD 57752 Mailing Address: PO Box 310 Kyle, SD 57752 Phone: 1-(605)-455-6069